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Unravelling the relationship between amyloid accumulation and brain network function in normal aging and very mild cognitive decline: a longitudinal analysis
Gemma Moffat 1, Peter Zhukovsky 1 2, Gillian Coughlan 3 4, Aristotle N Voineskos 1 2
...The present study emphasizes the early preclinical phases of neurodegeneration. We use a longitudinal approach to examine the brain changes that take place during the early stages of cognitive decline in the Open Access Series of Imaging Studies-3 data set. Among 1098 participants, 274 passed the inclusion criteria (i.e. had at least two cognitive assessments and two amyloid scans). Over 90% of participants were healthy at baseline. Over 8-10 years, some participants progressed to very mild cognitive impairment (n = 48), while others stayed healthy (n = 226). Participants with cognitive decline show faster amyloid accumulation in the lateral temporal, motor and parts of the lateral prefrontal cortex. These changes in amyloid levels were linked to longitudinal increases in the functional connectivity of select networks, including default mode, frontoparietal and motor components. Our findings advance the understanding of amyloid staging and the corresponding changes in functional organization of large-scale brain networks during the progression of early preclinical Alzheimer's disease.