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Rejuvenation of Senescent Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stromal Cells by Pulsed Triboelectric Stimulation
Gaocai Li 1, Qianqian Zhu 2, Bingjin Wang 1, Rongjin Luo 1, Xiaohui Xiao 3, Yi Zhang 2, Liang Ma 1, Xiaobo Feng 1, Jingang Huang 3, Xuhui Sun 2, Zhen Wen 2, Yue Pan 3, Cao Yang 1
...The present study proposes an approach based on triboelectric stimulation to rejuvenate senescent bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) by fabricating a pulsed triboelectric nanogenerator (P-TENG) that can produce stable pulsed current output unaffected by the triggered frequency. The senescence phenotypes of aged BMSCs are reversed by triboelectric stimulation at 30 µA at 1.5 Hz. Triboelectric stimulation enhances the proliferation of aged BMSCs and increases their pluripotency and differentiation capacity. Additionally, mechanistic investigations reveal that pulsed triboelectric stimulation by P-TENG rejuvenates senescent BMSCs by enhancing MDM2-dependent p53 degradation, which is demonstrated by loss-of-function studies of MDM2 and p53. Overall, this study identifies a new approach for the rejuvenation of senescent BMSCs and describes a promising therapeutic intervention for many diseases associated with aged BMSCs.