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Parkinsonism-associated protein DJ-1 is a bona fide deglycase.
Richarme G, Dairou J
We discovered recently that Parkinsonism-associated DJ-1 and its bacterial homologs function as protein deglycases that repair glyoxal- and methylglyoxal-glycated proteins. Protein glycation levels are 2- to 10-fold increased in deglycase-depleted cells, and deglycase mutants display up to 500-fold loss of viability in methylglyoxal or glucose-containing media, suggesting that these deglycases play important roles in protecting cells against electrophile and carbonyl stress. Although the deglycase activity of DJ-1 is well supported by extensive biochemical work, Pfaff et al....claimed in a recent study that deglycation of the hemithioacetal formed upon cysteine glycation by methylglyoxal results from a Tris buffer artefact. Here, we show that this is not the case, and that DJ-1 and its homologs are the bona fide deglycases awaited since the Maillard discovery.