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Long-term intensive endurance exercise training is associated to reduced markers of cellular senescence in the colon mucosa of older adults
Marco Demaria 1, Beatrice Bertozzi 2, Nicola Veronese 3, Francesco Spelta 4, Edda Cava 5, Valeria Tosti 2, Laura Piccio 6 7 8, Dayna S Early 2, Luigi Fontana 9 10 11
...Here, we show that the classical senescence markers p16 and IL-6 were markedly higher in the colon mucosa of middle-aged and older overweight adults than in young sedentary individuals, but this upregulation was significantly blunted in age-matched endurance runners. Interestingly, we observe a linear correlation between the level of p16 and the triglycerides to HDL ratio, a marker of colon adenoma risk and cardiometabolic dysfunction. Our data suggest that chronic high-volume high-intensity endurance exercise can play a role in preventing the accumulation of senescent cells in cancer-prone tissues like colon mucosa with age. Future studies are warranted to elucidate if other tissues are also affected, and what are the molecular and cellular mechanisms that mediate the senopreventative effects of different forms of exercise training.