SENS PubMed Publication Search
Functional Assessment of Mitochondrial DNA Maintenance by Depletion and Repopulation Using 2',3'-Dideoxycytidine in Cultured Cells
Gábor Zsurka 1 2, Genevieve Trombly 1, Susanne Schöler 2, Daniel Blei 1, Wolfram S Kunz 3 4
The manipulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in cultured cells, using substances that interfere with DNA replication, is a useful tool to investigate various aspects of mtDNA maintenance. Here we describe the use of 2',3'-dideoxycytidine (ddC) to induce a reversible reduction of mtDNA copy number in human primary fibroblasts and human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. Once the application of ddC is stopped, cells depleted for mtDNA attempt to recover normal mtDNA copy numbers. The dynamics of repopulation of mtDNA provide a valuable measure for the enzymatic activity of the mtDNA replication machinery.