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Fisetin, a potential skin rejuvenation drug that eliminates senescent cells in the dermis
Kento Takaya 1, Toru Asou 2, Kazuo Kishi 2
...Here, we investigated the effects of fisetin, a potential anti-aging component found in various edible fruits and vegetables, on senescent human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) and aging human skin. Senescence was induced in primary HDFs using long-term passaging and treatment with ionizing radiation, and cell viability was assessed after treatment with fisetin and a control component. A mouse/human chimeric model was established by subcutaneously transplanting whole skin grafts from aged individuals into nude mice, which were treated intraperitoneally with fisetin or control a component for 30 d. Skin samples were obtained and subjected to senescence-associated-beta-galactosidase staining; the extent of aging was evaluated using western blotting, reverse transcription-quantitative PCR, and histological analysis. Fisetin selectively eliminated senescent dermal fibroblasts in both senescence-induced cellular models; this effect is attributable to cell death induction by caspases 3, 8, and 9-mediated endogenous and exogenous apoptosis. Fisetin-treated senescent human skin grafts showed increased collagen density and decreased senescence-associated secretory phenotypes (SASP), including matrix metalloproteinases and interleukins. No apparent adverse events were observed. Thus, fisetin could improve skin aging through selective removal of senescent dermal fibroblasts and SASP inhibition, indicating its potential as an effective novel therapeutic agent for combating skin aging.