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Enantioselective Degrader for Elimination of Extracellular Aggregation-Prone Proteins hIAPP Associated with Type 2 Diabetes
Zhenqi Liu 1 2, Dongqin Yu 1 2, Hualong Song 3, Miles Lewis Postings 3, Peter Scott 3, Zhao Wang 1 2, Jinsong Ren 1 2, Xiaogang Qu 1 2
...For overcoming the limitation to intracellular protein degradation, lysosome targeting chimeras have been recently developed and successfully utilized to degrade a range of disease-relevant extracellular and membrane proteins. Inspired by this strategy, here we describe our proof-of-concept studies using metallohelix-based degraders to deliver the extracellular human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) into the lysosomes for degradation. Our designed metallohelix can bind and inhibit hIAPP aggregation, and the conjugated tri-GalNAc motif can target macrophage galactose-type lectin 1 (MGL1), yielding chimeric molecules that can both inhibit hIAPP aggregation and direct the bound hIAPP for lysosomal degradation in macrophages. Further studies demonstrate that the enhanced hIAPP clearance has been through the endolysosomal system and depends on MGL1-mediated endocytosis. Intriguingly, Λ enantiomers show even better efficiency in preventing hIAPP aggregation and promoting internalization and degradation of hIAPP than Δ enantiomers. Moreover, metallohelix-based degraders also faciltate the clearance of hIAPP through asialoglycoprotein receptor in liver cells. Overall, our studies demonstrate that chiral metallohelix can be employed for targeted degradation of extracellular misfolded proteins and possess enantioselectivity.