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Detection of alternative lengthening of telomeres mechanism on tumor sections
Eloïse Claude # 1, Guillaume de Lhoneux # 1, Christophe E Pierreux 2, Etienne Marbaix 2 3, Maëlle de Ville de Goyet 4, Cécile Boulanger 4, An Van Damme 4, Bénédicte Brichard 4, Anabelle Decottignies 5
...Here, using a newly derived ALT-positive cancer cell mouse xenograft model, we extensively examined how the previously known ALT markers could be used as reliable tools for ALT diagnosis in tumor sections. We found that, together with the detection of ultra-bright telomeric signals (UBS), an ALT hallmark, native telomeric FISH, that detects single-stranded C-rich telomeric DNA, provides a very sensitive and robust tool for ALT diagnosis in tissues. We applied these assays to paediatric tumor samples and readily identified three ALT-positive tumors for which the TMM was confirmed by the gold-standard C-circle amplification assay. Although the latter offers a robust assay for ALT detection in the context of research laboratories, it is more difficult to set up in histopathological laboratories and could therefore be conveniently replaced by the combination of UBS detection and native telomeric FISH.