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Combining stem cell rejuvenation and senescence targeting to synergistically extend lifespan
Prameet Kaur 1, Agimaa Otgonbaatar 1, Anupriya Ramamoorthy 1, Ellora Hui Zhen Chua 1, Nathan Harmston 1 2, Jan Gruber 1 3, Nicholas S Tolwinski 1 2
...Here, we combine transient cellular reprogramming (stem cell rejuvenation) with targeted removal of senescent cells to test the hypothesis that simultaneously targeting both cell-fate based aging mechanisms will maximize life and health span benefits. We find that OKSM extends lifespan and show that both interventions protect the intestinal stem cell pool, lower inflammation, activate pro-stem cell signaling pathways, and synergistically improve health and lifespan. Our findings suggest that a combination therapy, simultaneously replacing lost stem cells and removing senescent cells, shows synergistic potential for anti-aging treatments. Our finding that transient expression of both is the most effective suggests that drug-based treatments in non-genetically tractable organisms will likely be the most translatable.