SENS PubMed Publication Search
A navitoclax-loaded nanodevice targeting matrix metalloproteinase-3 for the selective elimination of senescent cells
Blanca Escriche-Navarro 1, Eva Garrido 2, Félix Sancenón 3, Alba García-Fernández 4, Ramón Martínez-Máñez 5
Cellular senescence is implicated in the occurrence and progression of multiple age-related disorders. In this context, the selective elimination of senescent cells, senolysis, has emerged as an effective therapeutic strategy. However, the heterogeneous senescent phenotype hinders the discovery of a universal and robust senescence biomarker that limits the effective of senolytic with off-target toxic effects. Therefore, the development of more selective strategies represents a promising approach to increase the specificity of senolytic therapy. In this study, we have developed an innovative nanodevice for the selective elimination of senescent cells (SCs) based on the specific enzymatic activity of the senescent secretome. The results revealed that when senescence is induced in proliferating WI-38 by ionizing radiation (IR), the cells secrete high levels of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3). Based on this result, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were loaded with the senolytic navitoclax (Nav) and coated with a specific peptide which is substrate of MMP-3 (NPs(Nav)@MMP-3). Studies in cells confirmed the preferential release of cargo in IR-induced senescent cells compared to proliferating cells, depending on MMP-3 levels. Moreover, treatment with NPs(Nav)@MMP-3 induced a selective decrease in the viability of SCs as well as a protective effect on non-proliferating cells. These results demonstrate the potential use of NPs to develop enhanced senolytic therapies based on specific enzymatic activity in the senescent microenvironment, with potential clinical relevance.