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7-Ketocholesterol accelerates pancreatic β-cell senescence by inhibiting the SIRT1/CDK4-Rb-E2F1 signaling pathway
Qiuping Zhu 1 2, Wei Wang 1, Nan Wu 1, Sunyue He 1, Xihua Lin 1, Wenjing Zhang 1, Jiaqiang Zhou 1
Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction is a key factor in the development of type 2 diabetes. Pancreatic β-cell senescence accelerates abnormal glucose metabolism, which decreases insulin secretion and cell regeneration ability, eventually leading to diabetes. A cholesterol oxidation product, 7-ketocholesterol (7-KC) can affect pancreatic β-cell function. However, its role in pancreatic β-cell senescence has not been reported. We investigated the role of 7-KC in pancreatic β-cell senescence and its underlying molecular mechanism in MIN6 cells. MIN6 cells were treated with 25 μmol/L 7-KC for 24 h and the proportion of senescent cells was detected based on senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) activity. The cell cycle, DNA damage, and the senescence-associate secretory phenotype (SASP) and protein expression were detected by flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, and western blotting, respectively. 7-KC can significantly increase SA-β-gal activity, promoted G0/G1 arrest, DNA damage, and interleukin-1β expression in MIN6 cells and significantly inhibited insulin synthesis. Further studies indicated that 7-KC induced β-cell senescence by inhibiting the SIRT1/CDK4-Rb - E2F1 signaling pathway.